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News and Opinion

Coverage of ecosystem services since May 10, 2023.

Indigenous group files lawsuit against Quebec government over Northvolt battery plant

"..."The site contains some of the highest quality wetlands in the region. Wetlands are essential ecosystems, serving as critical habitat for fauna and flora, and providing multiple ecosystem services such as cleaning water, storing carbon, and retaining and redistributing water during major storm events, helping to prevent flooding," the release stated..."

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Ecological Sources of Coastal, National, and Global Security

"...Climate change and natural hazards threaten coastal communities and the military installations and activities that rely on them. Nature-based solutionswhere ecosystems and principles of ecology are harnessed by people to deliver specific ecosystem services1can be a tool for making these communities more secure. Conservation of existing ecosystems, in particular, can help to mitigate risk in the first place..."

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'Soil is everything': Inside one Dal prof's work to understand how dirt can help humanity

"...I certainly liked digging holes and things like that as a kid, but I guess a lot of my interest in soil is that it is the interface of many of our vital earth system processes, explains Dr. Heung, an associate professor in Dalhousie's Department of Plant, Food, and Environmental Sciences. Soils are the centre of my universe..."

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Cropped 13 September 2023: G20 meeting; Cargill deforestation investigation; Invasive species report

"...INDIA MEET: The Group of 20 (G20) nations met in New Delhi, India on 9-10 September to discuss major global issues, including those surrounding climate, energy, food production and nature. The Associated Press reported that leaders agreed to triple renewable energy capacity and increase funds for climate change-related disasters, but maintained the status quo with regards to phasing out carbon-spewing coal. Indonesian president Joko Widodo said climate-finance commitments put forward by countries were simply rhetoric and asked for just energy transition partnerships (JETPs) to be expanded and enlarged, according to the countrys state-run news agency Antara..."

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Q&A: Major global report reveals how climate, land use and trade drive invasive species

"...Invasive alien species are spreading around the world at unprecedented and increasing rates, according to a landmark new report from the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)..."

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Climate change feed billion-dollar global invasive species problem

"...The executive summary of the report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services was approved over the weekend in Bonn, Germany, by the organizations 143 member states..."

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Should Environmental Policy Commodify Nature?

"...As economist Dieter Helm explains, natural capital, a way of folding natural resources into the mainstream economy, puts nature on the balance sheet by assigning a monetary value to ecosystem services. These services are some of natures best gifts to humanity, including carbon sequestration, natural hazard defense, and water and air quality regulation. Beyond ecosystem services, nature provides provisioning services (such as timber, foodstuffs, and fuel) as well as cultural and spiritual value for local communities..."

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Understanding the Importance of the Oregon forestsnail

"...Why do we care so much about biodiversity? Not only do we believe that all creatures have inherent value and a right to life, but healthy biodiversity regulates ecosystem services which both directly and indirectly impact human health. This ranges from regulating food systems through pollination to mitigating flood risk through healthy wetlands. One of the leading causes of the biodiversity crisis (the rapid loss of species and degradation of habitat) is habitat loss and fragmentation..."

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Marine Protected Areas, Explained Hakai Magazine

"...Marine protected areas, or MPAs, are a primary tool for protecting marine species and ecosystems. But the term is not as clearly defined as you might expect..."

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Prairie grassland protection plan released by Nature Conservancy of Canada

"...But he calls them an "unsung hero" for the environment. "They provide a lot of what we call ecosystem services," he said. "So, they provide a lot of benefit to everyday Canadians' lives, even if you don't live or work in the grasslands..."

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Ongoing costs from Elephant Hill wildfire pegged at $1B a year: report Globalnews.ca

"...The economic analysis shows how resources, including wild food, timber, regulation of clean water supply and clean air, as well culture and well-being services, were affected by the fire. The research estimated a range that varied widely for some resources. For instance, it determined the lost value in regulating water and stabilizing soils to mitigate floods and landslides was between $58 million and $101 million per year..."

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B.C.'s Elephant Hill wildfire results in losses of $1B per year: Indigenous report

"...The Elephant Hill wildfire burns in the distance near Clinton, as seen from behind a mountain on Kamloops Lake in Savona, B. C. , during the early morning hours of Sunday July 30, 2017..."

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Recommended Reading

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Podcasts

Recent episodes that mention ecosystem services.

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The Future is Nuts!

Duration: 01:06:18

"...Is the future nuts? According to our guest Michael Judd, it definitely is, but in a good way! Michael shares his vision of a bountiful and food secure future where nut tree orchards and farms abound..."

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Informative Video

Discussions, Documentaries, and Investigative Reports about ecosystem services.

Should nature have a price tag on its ecosystem services?

"...What services does nature provide for free and how much are they worth in cash terms? Green economists say we need to put a price tag on trees and bees in order to save them, but how? And is it really such a good idea? ..."

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Mr. Bruce Knight: Catalyzing a National Ecosystem Services Market

"...Knight explains the history of the Ecosystem Services Market Consortium (ESMC) and details how ecosystem service markets can add incentives to motivate farmers and ranchers to improve soil health..."

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Marching Towards Green Growth in Bangladesh

"...Bangladesh is improving the management of terrestrial and aquatic natural resources in a sustainable way to help create jobs, improve livelihoods, enhance ecosystem services, decrease pollution, and increase resilience to climate change with a total ongoing $525 million investment from the World Bank..."

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COP27 | Thriving Making Cities Green, Resilient and Inclusive in a Changing Climate

"...Increasingly, climate change is exposing cities to extreme weather events, as well as to a wide variety of slower-moving stresses such as climbing average temperatures, sea-level rise, biodiversity loss, and damage to ecosystem services..."

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Academic Research

Recent peer-reviewed papers about ecosystem services relevant to the latest news.

Approaches to Implementing Ecosystem Climate Projects in Russia

"...At the initial stage of the formation of the Russian carbon market, only reliable and transparent projects should be allowed to be implemented (reforestation and afforestation with mixed species; improved forest management of managed forests; management of previously unmanaged forests; restoration of wetlands/grass ecosystems; conservation of soil carbon of agricultural lands; biochar application to soils)..."

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Beyond Protected Areas: Conservation of South Brazilian Grasslands

"...Grasslands in the Campos Sulinos region are suffering rapid losses due to expansion of agricultural fields and exotic tree plantations, resulting in risks of losses of biodiversity and ecosystem services..."

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Potential application of Latin American silvopastoral systems experiences for improving ruminant farming in Nigeria: a review

"...The research encompassed in this review demonstrates that the utilization of silvopastoral systems in ruminant farming can contribute to achieving several sustainable development goals, including enhancing food security, increasing milk and meat yields, supporting conservation efforts, bolstering biodiversity, and reducing GHG emissions..."

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Decarbonization via Nature-Based Solutions: National Policy and International Practice

"...Realizing this potential requires significant targeted work to adjust the regulation and reprioritization of forest management?from extracting wood from forests for processing to integrated forest management, including quantification and monetization of forest carbon sequestration ecosystem services..."

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Cover crop cultivars and species differ in root traits potentially impacting their selection for ecosystem services

"...Background and aims Cover crops have the potential to aid in adapting agricultural systems to climate change impacts through their ecosystem services, such as preventing soil erosion, remediating soil structure, and storing carbon belowground..."

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Impact of forest landscape restoration in combating soil erosion in the Lake Abaya catchment, Southern Ethiopia

"...As an effect of forest degradation, soil erosion is among Ethiopia?s most pressing environmental challenges and a major threat to food security where it could potentially compromise the ecosystem functions and services..."

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Identifying priority areas for conservation: using ecosystem services hotspot mapping for land-use/land-cover planning in centr

"...This situation is represented by increasing soil erosion, reduced carbon storage, reduced biodiversity, and fragmented habitat distribution due to land-use change..."

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Spatiotemporal heterogeneity in ecosystem service trade-offs and their drivers in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China

"...Methods In this study, we analyzed the spatiotemporal evolution patterns of four ESs: food provision (FP), soil conservation (SC), carbon sequestration (CS), and water yield (WY) across the years 2000, 2010, and 2020..."

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Analysis of Factors Influencing Plant Diversity in Urban Wetlands Based on a Structural Equation Model

"...The implementation of ecologically sound wetland design methods can foster their biodiversity while augmenting overall ecosystem services..."

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Ecological Restoration of Campos Sulinos Grasslands

"...Ecological restoration is an important activity to ensure biodiversity conservation and the provision of ecosystem services..."

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The remnant natural capital of the Magdalena-Cauca basin: immense losses for the 80% of Colombian inhabitants

"...The literature about the economic valuation of ecosystem services (ES) and the spatial information on natural resources in the Magdalena-Cauca basin was revised through several information sources to document the earliest approximation to the state, spatial distribution, and economic value of the remnant natural capital at the scale of biomes, specific ecosystems, and political-administrative units, through the application of the benefit transfer method for 2020..."

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